Perils For Pedestrians 48

Perils For Pedestrians 48

On this episode, we look at a new course to
teach pedestrian design to engineering
students. The Center for Neighborhood Technology in Chicago is promoting Location Efficient
Mortgages. The Congress for the New Urbanism meets in Portland, Oregon. A neighborhood
group in Southwest Portland works to improve pedestrian connectivity.
A wheelchair user in Cincinnati has problems with missing sidewalks. And
finally, we look at the peculiar placement
of trash dumpsters. Stay tuned. We're in McLean, Virginia, talking with
Carol Tan Ese at the Turner Fairbank Highway Research Center.
What is the center? The Turner Fairbank Highway Research Center
is the research arm of Federal Highway. The Federal Highway Administration is part
of the Department of Transportation and out here at Turner Fairbank we
conduct a lot of the research that supports the safety and mobility and productivity
goals of the US DOT. And what's your job out here? I am the program manager of the pedestrian
and bicycle safety research program for Federal Highway. I currently manage much of the safety
research that helps to improve safety
and increase mobility for pedestrians and bicyclists.

bicycle

And one of our goals is to produce
tools and evaluation methods that help planners
and engineers to increase the safety of
pedestrians and bicyclists and increase walking and biking as modes of
transportation. What are some the tools you have been able to come up with over the years? We've
developed some software that helps planners and engineers type or
categorize pedestrian bicycle crashes with motor
vehicles. We've developed a bicycle compatibility index, a tool that helps to
determine the bicycle friendliness of a roadway. We've also been working on
developing a university level course for transportation and planning,
transportation engineering and planning students to learn more about how to
safely accommodate pedestrians and bicyclists. And that's just nearing completion now. What was the impetus behind that, how did that project get started? well as I mentioned were part in the US
DOT and we have the safety cool that we'd like to decrease by about 20
percent injuries and fatalities in 10 years and
pedestrians and bicyclists together comprise about 15 percent this motor vehicle
fatalities I if you want raw numbers that's a bell
five to six thousand pedestrian and bicycle fatalities each
year and about sixty thousand injuries so
when the tolls that we've develop a working on
developing is this university course hmm would like to target future
professionals so that they have the background to
safely come in a petition spice clove and in any in integrated transportation
system what what a six course consist of I'm a professor I can take you what am I
gonna come up with well this course has 24 modules its develop
this incident in twenty four modules speaker for introductory topics in non-motorized
transportation such as the history and some in the legislation and then we go
into planning topics and then more detail for design topics planning involves developing local
planning guides to incorporate pedestrian bicycle them transportation projects into over a
chance for tation project we also and as I said cover design topic
so it gets and the more details such as traffic calming I'm and intersection
design that accommodates pedestrians and bicycles and discourses compare comprised three main elements we had the instructors
guide students guide and some scripted
slideshows and the student's guide in the
instructors guide based basically parallel each other on the
student's guide has majority the text and figures well instructors guide provides an course objectives I'm for each one of
the modules and can give the I'm professor Sam overheads some sort of canned overhead here she
could use it here she wanted to and then a synopsis of what we felt was
important to gain added that particular module indeed the scripted slideshows are again in a PowerPoint I presentation in
court includes slides with text and also photographs
and figures a different illustrations and the
facilities that were trying to describe in the course with professor have to use the whole thing to these
parts of it and will be a free-standing course you could
incorporate this into an existing course by what you see is the role which it described is basically what we
are thinking a either way a professor could take this whole course
and just take it as is and teach are $20 for modules appear
cheap here she chose to or and you could just take a few the
modules and incorporate the material into your own course material so you don't necessarily
have to use every single thing in here you can use bits and pieces it's just a guide as a as I mentioned a
guide that people can use to see what are the key elements
that really should be included what's been out there before would have
professors been doing well they really hasn't been a lot done at the university level in
transportation engineering and for most for the most part for
professors have time fairly standard highway engineering
design which I'm is is basically pushing and motor vehicles trucks cars buses I'm they some some professors at included condition vice close more
cursory fashion I think there are only one or two I'm University curricular that actually tied a a course on pedestrian bicycle
transportation so to maker intimate to answer you and quickly not a whole
lot my like to say that this is a this isn't effort that we've made to
hopefully get more interest going in to prepare future
professionals and as students so that when they get
out there they have the tools to safely come with
a everybody who wants to walk or bike now you fit almost finished preparing
the course has a gonna be distributed well on will be putting the course on a
CD and the Student's Guide instructors
guide in this PowerPoint presentations will be on a CD and will send it out to as many
professors that we know that have transportation planning courses and am will do some conferences will talk to people about
the course in if they're interested they can email us or go to our website and
requested that way and we've also conducted workshops on a
periodic basis where we contact professors and and bring them in where we can actually
I walked in through the course materials and tell them about the course in
hopefully convince in these materials so again if people are interested they
should visit our website or call me and we'll see about getting
them copy the CD we were talking with Jackie ramchandra
whose coordinator transportation air quality programs
center for neighborhood technology in Chicago what is the center the center for
neighborhood technology is a 22-year-old public policy advocacy organization we work in the areas a chance petition
here Wiley land-use a community energies to
sampling and manufactory I and we have a research and development
division I am our goal is to work in the Anna at out
to make sure that urban neighborhoods urban communities are
sustainable for everyone and that they work for everyone and so we have a public policy component
market component I N A information and the service
dissemination component so that once we invent new tools all four community
issues that we can disseminate them lightly here well as new tools is the location
efficient mortgage exactly what is there location official
mortgage is a mortgage product that recognizes
that when people use public transit they live and
high-density neighborhoods a high density in the sense that they
can walk to local amenities they can call what to the grocery store they can walk
to the cleaners at the water they care center that they can take here other needs a everyday life without
having to get into a car that there is a substantial savings and
we take that savings and added to income for the purpose of qualifying people for
mortgages so it makes are being a homeowner much
more affordable for people people other order what
otherwise wouldn't qualify I have the opportunity to be hot become
homeowners through that book a sufficient how many places are trying this out now
all right now we're are we have a location official mortgage
program in Chicago in Seattle in San Francisco Bay Area and in Los Angeles your how much difference can then make if
someone doesn't need to own a car in terms of
where you can finance perhaps were in there that beverages very it
slightly among those four cities but in Chicago
for example are given the average price of housing
and the average income that we're talking about
a state are additional I'll homeowner are being able to qualify
for forty thousand dollars additional and that's a substantial savings because
I we we have figured out through a very
complicated model I'll what each all the location a vision
values the savings for every address in the city of Chicago
affect every address in all for those those cities and areas I
so that we can say that if you live in this place the family income up why that you have a
potential savings are busy dollars and that every gin chicago is about 400
hours that so when you see it say for example
you have %uh income above 2,000 hours you know that
means that makes a partner in the mortgage application process you have a
credit income of twenty four hundred dollars 2000 plus 400 hours and that four
hundred dollars you can translate into a somewhere
around forty thousand dollars additional house how many bird people will be able
to afford homes as a result there well in Chicago at any one time we have about all six a thousand properties for sale I and we think that we can easily I'll qualified that I should say that
one of the limitations on this mortgage I is that fairly made
by Z's mortgages for the secondary market at Fannie Mae has a limit love the
amount a mortgage they will buy and that's to under fifty two thousand
dollars so that if you know if you mortgage more than
are you get a mortgage loan for more than two and 52,000 I'll yelled it's not impossible but as
more difficult to qualify for this product so that's one limitation I'll and so we think that we can now
qualify a at least one percent are all that
60,000 arm are properties as a as a location for sure mortgage
credit and that's conservative I mean really don't know we have been
operating this program since I'm since May 31st is when we officially
announced in chicago so you know we don't have another the
history to say exactly how many but we say conservatively that one percent
easily and hopefully will get much more than
that a Fannie Mae has committed to buying a hundred million dollars in
mortgages using this product so we hope to use up
in a great big hurry so we can get them to increase their commitment were in Portland Oregon talking with
Robert Davis whose chair of the board of directors at the congress for new
urbanism what is the congress congress is a Alliance love professionals and
practitioners who are concerned with reinvesting in
the city as a way of has won many ways of
protecting the environment from being gobbled up continually by suburban sprawl good in being your important thing for the
last four days her your 8 annual congress your was the theme for this year's congress
of the politics of place how can we engage in the political
process in a way to galvanize both people and politicians to begin to see the shaping their environment as important to the
quality of their lives portland is a wonderful example or an
environment in which politics in place have in fact come together rather well and the consciousness of
general populace as well as the politicians is very high about protecting the environment and
making better and better neighborhoods your people do polls no one seems the wake
sprawl why would this be a political challenge
to you know to to reach out to dress the
country much for which these we so far behind
Portland well we're operating under a very are efficient and to pervasive yes this is me operating
system that was designed largely right after
world war two that it didn't use to the inducts industrial techniques that you we use to
win the war to create best are acres is our new housing and shopping centers in
later office parks are to build a whole new America this
seem like a great idea at the time and but it no longer seems like a great
idea but the operating system underlying this serve production techniques is still in place
and it's very very difficult to dislodge and embedded operating
system it's almost if as if you we're asking everybody to switch from Windows to Linux your the the idea reviewer been -ism some
people or you haven't heard much about my thing
else just your report reporters in the front of the house and
you've got a good red how does it relate them were due to
deeply than that into the fabrica and cities a fabric if
communities what's what's the connection there well
the Charter the new urbanism is remarkable document that addresses the issues above city at all
scales starting with the region see have the region the towns villages hamlets and cities that
make up the region and then within the city you have the
neighborhood are the block and the district in the
individual buildings makeup neighborhoods and and blocks industries it's one of the
only a intellectual frameworks in operation to David tries to integrate
all the issues of Environmental Protection are housing affordability jobs housing ballot social
equity I into one framework in to in shows fairly
effectively how all these issues are related to one another it sorry are seamless WebDAV connection secure easily be taken apart its stance in
strong contrast to the are rather simplified operating system
when our we're now encumbered by that's embedded you reproduction of the American
landscape the landscape in and that's one which used the techniques
have mass production are separation specialization a and simplification to build large tracts love housing subdivisions by people who
only know how to do housing and a shopping centers by people we know
how to do retail we're now trying to train a new carter et a generalists to can put it
all together and build are mixed-use mixed-income neighborhoods
where most of life's daily are needs are within walking distance and which are because they are compact and
walkable are accessible to transit therefore other
things that go beyond a levy so are easily accessed through a variety
of ways not just are getting in your automobile walking
getting on are a variety of transit options
bicycling hiking through greenways whatever it's
all about choice it's about giving Americans more choices
for how they live and where they live with neighborhoods and allowing them even a
choice of staying in place as the move from being young marrieds to are people with children to empty
nesters to all people who can't drive around
anymore but would probably prefer to stay in the neighborhood where they have a social networking
network friends and relatives No were in Portland Oregon going with pat
on back but the South West Wales group what is the South West Wales group a Southwest rails as a group of people
that yes been organized about three years now
basically focusing on pedestrian and bicycle issues itself a sport and that includes looking at
connectivity improving a pedestrian safety and letting people walk with you wanna
walk rather than having to walk on the main thoroughfares in the past most the effort in Portland
as far as best as Ghana's weird but sidewalks and to keep you from
out on the street with a lot is featured on their
sidewalks and that's just fine I mean we liken that way we want to be able to also have safe
places to walk their continuous we can get from place
to place rather than just walk in a small circle and so we've what our group is done is
basically tried to put together a if our thoughts on maps before we went to get to across our
whole neighborhood which is eighty neighborhoods in south west
corner about 60,000 people so can spur would you come up with we've got a couple maps one is a
pedestrian route map which would be in neighborhood-based shows for people walk
within a local neighborhood it looks like a spider's web across our whole network
as you expect in addition to that we've come across we come up with a urban trails map which
is the major linkage north south east west that we
were put into place the next five years here in Portland so
we can walk from downtown Portland to Lake Oswego a distance ok maybe twelve
miles 30 months the same way from the zoo at highway 26 all the way through the Mormon temple to
they cruise way again another 12 twelve-mile 13 mile
hike in this and then we've got five East
West routes that will get us access across for an east-west which we've
never had before and a good deal the problem has been
people with have great desire to walk but they
don't know how to get from their home to where they want to go to a party this will need to provide
maps so they can easily get find a route and in addition that
have markers discrete markers along the way to show
where these routes will go this is fairly ambitious project to how do you
go about it that way to was a process involved in producing a
spiral first of all there I what this we had a Southwest committee
play which is land use planning and oregon is I love the much more intense here than
it is anywhere else in the nation because we've had land use laws for 25 years we've had
there been growth boundary for a long time and as a result we're getting more
justification in our neighborhoods which most of us feel is reasonable if it's
done with the appropriate infrastructure if it's done in a way that makes life
more more livable rather than less over the and as a result of that we will study South
this committee planned planning process are there process
people were identified that we want to have some
walkways in our neighborhoods and I began as well how do these things get
connected and ask if someone's gonna look into
that there was a complete silence the next me ask the same question
complete silence so I decided to organize it myself and they started calling people say I
don't have this meeting found the place to have a meeting has been the same place ever send send
we just started meeting and talking about what we wanna do and a lot of people said you know what
makes a lotta sense and then I pulled out my hand held and I began putting
names and email addresses fax numbers snail mail
address is and is now five or six hundred people on
the list as a result we're beginning to get its political base of support that
says we wanna see some things positive happen
here they were willing to go to City Council the demand that we get some budget to do it
and do it in a way that we want to see it done and that was the way that the
engineers are they people that run things down tell me when
to go it's a partnership between us and them and with that scum because we've been
pretty forceful in expressing our opinions in expressing what we're trying
to achieve and they began to understand that there
is another way of doing things rather than what they've tried to do whiskey people out the middle busy
streets so you know rather than just saying we need sidewalks we need places
that people can walk to get from place to place to shopping to the bus to school and make it easy for people to
get there and they will use those routes all the time rather than just during one or two times it year among
three week were in the Mount Washington
neighborhood a Cincinnati talking with Claudia Cruz sack what from see a face getting around the neighborhood the
neighborhood I live in cares a definite shortage sidewalks most
of the streets in Mount Washington don't have sidewalks and this street in particular is very
bad because its and unimproved Street meaning it has no garters no curbs no markings at all it's a two-way street connecting to
rather busy streets gets a lot of traffic especially in the
morning and evening rush hours there are buses
that use this street and it's a really scary situation for even able-bodied pedestrians by if you have any kind of vote mobility
impairment if you use a scooter or wheelchair its real
frightening to be trying to go down the street and
having a bus bear down on you and there's no place to
go you have no alternative so you what do you do then what can you do frankly I avoid the
street even though the bus stop closest to my
house is it the ended the street I don't use that bus stop I go out of my
way and take a further away bus stop simply
to avoid this tree it's very frightening what would you
like to see the city do I would like to see the city improve this street naked a complete street with curbs girders inside box that go all the way from the street here behind me which does have sidewalks to the street at the Endo's this one that has
sidewalks I would like us like to see a sidewalk connecting the two streets so it would
be possible to get to the bus stop safely without having to dodge traffic almost any business has to deal with the
problem the where to stick their trash dumpster one
solution is to build a little brick walled enclosure
keep it at a site where you put that enclosure relying
Meadow Brook Avenue pain Virginia they come up with a decent
solution is stuck the brick dumpster enclosure
off in one corner the parking lot gestion walking along the sidewalk here mine and even notice it certainly not
going to be in their way not everybody's that clever you're down
in waco texas recently really is a similar brick wall dumpster
enclosure instead of stock of the corner for
parking lot somewhere they play said right smack in the middle
the sidewalk their fancy brick sidewalk they put a
long Mary Avenue has to take a detour to get around the
dumpster to add insult to injury when they swing the door open Nora low trash in the dumpster the gate
blocks that detoured sidewalk we wouldn't blame the guestrooms waco that they felt dumped on is it is on the
Internet at WWW dot pedestrians .org

As found on YouTube

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